Genetic Testing PGD Is an Important Milestone in the Process of IVF
IVF is a versatile process, most of the people think that IVF is a process where they bring an ovum and sperm together, and after the formation of a zygote, they implant it in the female body. The above-mentioned process surely can be considered as the crux of the main process; however, the story of IVF is far beyond this! When a couple goes for an IVF implantation, then the processing begins at a much earlier level. Most of these auxiliary processes like genetic testing etc are like an attempt to make a miscarriage-proof pregnancy. Most of the sensible IVF experts often see the things in totality. IVF is an advanced science now; every day new breakthroughs are coming in and conquering various invincible castles of male and female infertility.
What Is PGD?
Popularly known as PGD (Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis), this is an advanced technique to testify embryos to specifically know the genetic condition or chromosome abnormalities. This testing is important, because it ensures that a chromosomally-normal embryo, unaffected by any other disorders, is passing on for the next stage of IVF induced pregnancy. If an embryo is free from any such chromosomal abnormalities, then it increases the chances of a successful delivery manifolds. Post IVF, the first three months are very crucial; if we go by the details of first three months of a normal pregnancy, then again, it is a crucial time by all standards. PGD makes sure to identify certain obstacles that can be dangerous for an embryo during the first three months and during the course of next two trimesters.
What Are the Problems That Can Be Detected with the Help of PGD?
When we check out PGD as a tool in the armory of an IVF expert or an infertility expert; then here, we find that, in most of the cases, they want to go for PGD, because they want to check the survival possibilities of an embryo during the first three months. With the help of ART and other procedures, preparing an embryo is possible; in its literal terms, IVF treatments have done a miracle of sorts. However, the survival of such embryos during the first three months is equally important. With the help of PGD, these experts generate a lead and work in this direction where they can ensure safety for weak embryo suffering from chromosomal abnormalities.
How Can We Define the Scope of PGD in General Terms?
PGD can bring in some advanced reports for the experts where they can go for advanced medications and other procedures. However, when we check out the scope of a PGD treatment in its general terms, we find that, it can easily detect carriers of sex-linked genetic disorders. For instance, many experts can identify problems like Hemophilia and a fragile x syndrome with the help of these tests. Hemophilia is one condition where blood clotting can become a problem and fragile x syndrome, which can cause mental retardation in a child. In the similar fashion, with the help of PGD, we can detect all the carriers of single gene disorders, and later on, correct them with the help of expert intervention. It can also give us some leads on the chromosomal disorders.
What Is the Time When PGD Becomes Inevitable for an Expert?
Any expert going for an IVF treatment has strong reasons to go for PGD. Apart from that, the case history of a woman sometimes forces the test of PGD on her even before the medical expert plans an IVF. First criterion is age; and after the age of 35, most of the infertility experts want to go for genetic testing. If a couple is a late bloomer in the act of baby making, then again, it becomes important, because it is a race against TIME that they are running. Recurring pregnancy losses is another condition where PGD becomes mandatory. It is also an indication that something somewhere is genetically wrong and PGD is the right way to detect it.
What Are the Conditions That Can Be Detected with the Help of PGD?
If we can put it under simple words, then we can say that, PGD deals with genetic disorders; mainly, it means it helps an expert in figuring out some permutations and combinations after going through a genetic screening of various conditions. For instance, they can discover the condition where both the partners are carrying single gene mutation and they don’t want to pass it on to their next generation. It can also figure out translocation arrangement in genetically abnormal eggs of sperms. When an expert finds the cases of recurrent miscarriages or repeated IVF failures for more than five times; then again, genetic testing pregnancy becomes very important. In this case, here we would like to refer to the fact that, even after successful IVF procedures, a big percentage of pregnancies does not last even for the initial three months.
What Is a Paternity Test, and How It Is Different from PGD?
Paternity testing is a genetic test. A genetic test is a vast word; right now, many types of genetic tests are available, now they are detecting some advanced diseases with the help of these genetic tests. You might have heard about genetic testing for breast cancer. In the similar fashion, many other problems can be detected first-hand and test reports can give interesting leads to an expert which can help them in their cure given to any patient. Currently, most of the tests are giving away good leads; the day is not far ahead when genetic engineering might be able to remove many problems or diseases at the stage of the inception of the embryo.
When we see PGD in the same light, then here, in general terms, we find that, PGD is a set of tests that talks about Pre-Natal conditions; it means a PGD can give an idea about the right condition of an embryo and its chances of survival in many cases. It means PGD is a small chapter in the vast book of genetic tests and this chapter holds a lot of importance of IVF experts and infertility experts.