All That You Want to Know about Fertility Surgeries…
Infertility is no more a sad news nowadays. Infertility may be due to several reasons; some may be identified, while some remain unidentified. When the infertility is due to some structural problems, the treatment then might require a surgery, thus increasing the chances of conception. With the advancement of science and technology, today, there are a number of surgical procedures for treating infertility. Below mentioned are the different kinds of surgeries prevalent to treat infertility problems:.
What Is the Surgery Procedure for Laparoscopy?
Laparoscopic surgery is a kind of fertility surgery, which is a keyhole surgery generally done to check the position of your tubes and condition of your uterus and ovaries. In this surgery, a video camera is passed through an incision to check if any abnormality is present. If it is found that there are some abnormalities inside, then it is surgically treated with inserting special instruments through four other small incisions, which are generally hidden in the pubic hair. This surgery is mostly done with general anaesthesia and takes around 2-3 hours.
What Are the Risks and Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery?
- One of the main risks associated with this surgery are the injuries that might be caused by the trocar (device inserted into the abdomen) placement.
- The electrodes being used in the surgery may leak current and cause electrical burnt to some of the surrounding tissues.
- The carbon dioxide gas passed is likely to form pocket and rise in the abdomen, which may cause shoulder pain and difficulty in breathing.
- Coagulation disorders are often found as a side effect.
- This surgery benefits in endometriosis, removes cysts in the ovary, scar tissues and removes damaged tubes.
What is hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is a procedure in which the uterus and internal cervical area of a female are examined by an expert by inserting a Hysteroscope through her vagina. It is a medical procedure and thus, only a medical practitioner must be deployed for doing the same.
This test is done for judging clinical conditions like detecting and removing polyps or tumours inside the cervix or uterus, for taking out a tissue sample for doing biopsy or to destroy tissue for preventing bleeding by using heat technique, freezing or by using chemicals as well.
Who needs this process and why?
Well, hysteroscopy is a process which involves women who have issues related to their reproductive health. For example, mostly in cases of infertility, this test is carried out by the experts. But there are many other uses of this procedure apart from dealing with infertility issues. The hysteroscopy tests are done when,
- There is abnormal bleeding during periods/menses
- Abnormal results of the Pap test
- For the need for biopsy (removal of tissue)
- There is bleeding after you have your menopause
- Finding and removing the misplaced IUDs (intrauterine devices)
- For diagnosing the cause of repeated miscarriages or infertility
- For removing the endometrial lining
- For placing birth control devices inside the vagina
- For examining the cervical area for polyps or fibroids
These are some of the issues of interests for which the procedure of hysteroscopy is carried out by the expert medical practitioner. But if the woman is already pregnant she cannot have a hysteroscopy done!
Are there any risks involved in the same?
Although if the practitioners are experts and the conditions are not much complicated, there no major risks involved with this process, there are some minor risks involved which can be taken care under proper medical attention.
So, in case you are suffering from any issue related to your reproductive health, you may consult your gynaecologist or fertility experts for getting the right treatment done. And having a hysteroscopy done is one primary method of treatment for the ones suffering from such infertility issues with their cervix and uterus. Get yourself treated by the experts in the field for avoiding any major drawbacks!
What Is the Surgery Procedure for Endometriosis?
The treatment for Endometriosis is sometimes done through the endometriosis surgery. Endometriosis is diagnosed and treated through surgical process of Laparoscopic treatment. An endometrioma is a large mass of tissue that is non-cancerous containing shreds of endometrial tissues. The endometriosis symptoms include painful periods, lower abdominal pain, menstrual cramps, heavy periods, painful intercourse and painful bowel movements. Endometriosis occurs mostly in the ovary, between the rectum and the uterus, walls between the rectum and vagina, and sometimes, in the outside of the uterus. In this surgery, the endometrial tissue is either cut away or burnt away with the help of laser rays.
What Are the Risks and Benefits Associated with Endometriosis?
There are very minor and easily resolvable complications associated that may come up as a side-effect of this endometriosis treatment, which is otherwise a safe one. Risks include bleeding; damage caused to bowel, bladder and large blood vessels. Sometimes, it may also result into wound infection, urinary infection, infection of the uterus and vaginal discharge in many cases. These all complications are easily controllable by an experienced surgeon. The most beneficial outcome of this surgery is the overcoming of the undefined infertility disorders, resulting into successful pregnancy. This treatment exhibits clear evidences of enhanced fertility percentage in surveys conducted by various medical researchers.
Fallopian Tube Blockage Surgery
What is the Fallopian Tube Blockage Surgery?
Infertility, in many cases, is caused by the blockage of the Fallopian Tube. The problem of blocked fallopian tube consequently prevents the passage of the egg to the sperm of the fertilized egg from the ovary to the uterus. This is one of very common causes of infertility, which can be treated by microsurgery, while some require a laparoscopic surgery. This kind of Fallopian tube blockage surgery is mostly done by repairing the infected portion of the tube and joining the two healthy ends.
What Are the Kind of Risks and Benefits Associated with This Surgery?
Though subtle, but still this kind of a surgery includes several risks as listed below:
- Infection of the pelvis.
- Formation of scar tissues on the reproductive organs.
Around 60 out of a range of 100 women with a blockage close to the uterus have been given successful block clearance leading to pregnancies and successful deliveries of babies. Women with blockage near to the end of the fallopian tube have achieved a success rate of 20-30 out of 100 women.
Male Fertility Surgery
What Is Male Fertility Surgery?
The male fertility surgery procedure like male microsurgery is amongst the most common male infertility treatments. To treat male infertility problems, such as low sperm count or no sperm at all, medical science has gone far in the research and discovery of such surgery techniques, which include a microscopic operation to repair very small organs like the tubes that carry sperm.
What Are the Expected Benefits and Probable Risks of The Surgery?
Microsurgery in rectifying male infertility defects is beneficial and has shown results in different cases like:
- Decrease in the sperm DNA fragmentation and the breaking up of DNA strands into pieces. This has lead to improved rates of successful pregnancies and live birth rates.
- Blockage in the Epididymis which can be bypassed by this surgery.
- Helping the testis produce better sperms by curing the swollen veins about the testis.
- Help achieve pregnancy for couples who have low or zero sperm count of low motility of sperms.
- By a successful microsurgery of the Varicocele has given a raised production of testosterone levels in most treated males.
The risks that still persist with the microsurgery for male fertility are like persistent or recurrent Varicocele, bruising, infections and tenderness of the testis. Though negligible, there still remains a risk of testicular loss associated.
After you are initially tested with your symptoms and in laboratory tests, you may be prescribed for a fertility surgery. It is advised to have a clear cut discussion about the surgery to take place, will it be a micro surgery for problem detection or problem solving, if it would require open surgery or micro surgery. A free and frank discussion on these topics would prevent you from landing in a panicked situation before or while undergoing the surgery.